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The Book of Enoch Unveileid

By James Scott Trimm

The Book of Enoch was treasured by the ancient Nazarenes as an inspired book of prophecy authored by Enoch himself.

Yeshua's own half-brother Y'hudah quotes from the Book of Enoch saying:

"And Chanokh [Enoch], the seventh from Adam, prophesied about these men saying: Behold, YHWH comes with ten thousands of his set-apart-ones, to execute judgment on all, co convict all who are wicked among them of their wicked deeds which they have committed in a wicked way, and all the harsh things which wicked sinners have spoken against him."
(Y'hudah / Jude 1:14-15 HRV)

Some commentators have tried to minimize the importance of this quotation, claiming that Y'hudah was only quoting the Book of Enoch in the way that Paul quoted Greek philosophers. In fact there are two very important features in Y'hudah's citation.

First of all, while the Book of Enoch is quoted (specifically 1 Enoch 1:9), Y'hudah attributes his quote, not to the Book of Enoch, but to the man Enoch (Enoch, seventh from Adam). Since we have copies of the Book of Enoch which predate the Book of Y'hudah, this quote tells us that Enoch seventh from Adam wrote the Book of Enoch.

Secondly Y'hudah uses the word "prophecy". Y'hudah tells us that this quote from Enoch which comes from the Book of Enoch is "prophecy". That is a very important statement.

Regarding prophecy Kefa (Peter) writes:

""Knowing this first, that no prophecy of Scripture is of any private interpretation; for prophecy never came by the will of man, but set-apart men of Eloah spoke as they were moved by the Ruach HaKodesh."
(2 Kefa / 2 Peter 1:20-21 - HRV)

So if, as Y'hudah tells us, the Book of Enoch is "prophecy" then Kefa tells us that it was inspired by the Ruach HaKodesh (Holy Spirit).

Paul has some important words for us about Scripture that is inspired:

"Every writing which was written by the spirit is profitable for teaching and for reproof and for correction and for instruction in righteousness, that the son of man of Eloah may be complete and whole for every good work."
(2 Timothy 3:16-17 - HRV)

So if the Book of Enoch is prophecy then it was inspired by the Ruach HaKodesh. And if Enoch was inspired by the Ruach then it is profitable for teaching and for reproof and for correction and for instruction in righteousness.

In other words, if Y'hudah is telling the truth then we should be using the Book of Enoch as Scripture and not taking it lightly!

As a matter of fact the ancient Nazarenes treasured the Book of Enoch and used it along side the books we know today as canon. This is evidenced by fact that Y'hudah quotes Enoch. R.H. Charles listed 128 locations where the Ketuvin Netzarim (The writings of the Nazarenes, commonly known today as the "New Testament") is clearly influenced by statements in the Book of Enoch.

The Book of Enoch was used within Judaism at least as early as the second century B.C.E. Seven fragmentary Aramaic copies were found among the Dead Sea Scrolls. The Zohar also cites the Book of Enoch by name (Zohar 1:37b) and makes much use of its account of the fallen angels Shemikhaza (which the Zohar calls Uzael) and Azzazel.

The earliest Gentile Christians also accepted and made use of the Book of Enoch. Many of the so-called "Church Fathers" either quoted Enoch, or made use of it. Among these were the author of the Epistle of Pseudo-Barnabas, Justin Martyr (2nd C.), Irenaeus (2nd C.), Clement of Alexandria (2nd C.) and Origin (3rd C.). Tertullian (160-230 C.E.) even called the book "Holy Scripture". The book was even canonized by the Ethiopic Church.

LOSS OF THE BOOK OF ENOCH

In the fourth century the Book of Enoch came under fire from such "Church Fathers" as Augustine, Hilary and Jerome. The Book of Enoch was soon banned except in the remote Ethiopic Church, which had canonized it. The original Hebrew was lost completely to time and has yet to be recovered. The Aramaic and Greek versions disappeared as well (portions of these have since been discovered. The complete text has survived only in Ethiopic.

RESTORATION OF THE BOOK OF ENOCH

The Book of Enoch predicts its own restoration as our last days bonus!

"But when they write down truthfully all my words in their languages, and do not change or diminish ought from my words but write them all down truthfully -all that I first testified concerning them. Then, I know another mystery, that books will be given to the righteous and the wise to become a cause of joy and uprightness and much wisdom. And to them shall the books be given, and they shall believe in them and rejoice over them, and then shall all the righteous who have learnt therefore all the paths of uprightness be recompensed."
(1 Enoch 104:10-13)

FOR WHOM DID ENOCH WRITE?

The Book of Enoch is especially given for the benefit of those believers in the last days who are Torah Observant:

"The words of the blessing with which Enoch blessed the chosen and righteous, who will be living in the day of tribulation, when all the wicked and godless are to be removed."
(1 Enoch 1:1)

"Another book which Enoch wrote for his son Methuselah and for those who will come after him, and observe the Torah in the last days."
(1 Enoch 108:1)

MESSAGE OF THE BOOK OF ENOCH

Yeshua warned that the last days would be like the days of Noach (Mt. 24:37-38 - HRV) And this is a major theme of the Book of Enoch. Enoch forewarns of the coming judgement of the flood, and parallels this with the judgement of the last days. The Book of Enoch even prophecies that in the last days:

"Women shall become pregnant and abort their babies and cast them out from their midst."
(1 Enoch 99:5)

The Book of Enoch tells of how 200 fallen angels led by Shemikhazah and Azazel "saw and lusted after" human females and copulated with them producing a race of giants (1 Enoch 6) and taught mankind secrets such as sorcery, the making of weapons (1 Enoch 7-8) and how to perform an abortion (1 Enoch 69:12). YHWH's judgement finally comes. Shemikhazah and "all his associates" are bound fast "for seventy generations" until "the judgement that is forever is consummated" (1 Enoch 9:11-12) (compare Y'hudah 1:6 & 2 Kefa 2:2-10). The giants are killed by the flood but their spirits remain on earth as evil spirits (1 Enoch 15:8-12). In the last days the fallen angels will return again (1 Enoch 56:5).

Now if one counts the generations from Enoch to Yeshua one finds there were sixty-nine generations (Luke 3:23-37). So the seventy generations ended one generation after the life of Yeshua. This brings us to an interesting statement made by the Nazarene writer Hegesippus around 185 C.E. as he recounted the beginning of the apostasy:

"Up to that period the Assembly had remained like a virgin pure and uncorrupted: for, if there were any persons who were disposed to tamper with the wholesome rule of the proclaiming of salvation, they still lurked in some dark place of concealment or other. But, when the sacred band of Emissaries had in various ways closed their lives, and that generation of men to whom it had been vouchsafed to listen to the godlike Wisdom with their own ears had passed away, then did the confederacy of godless error take its rise through the treachery of false teachers, who, seeing that none of the emissaries any longer survived, at length attempted with bare and uplifted head to oppose the proclaiming of the truth by proclaiming "knowledge falsely so called."
(Hegessippus; Memoirs)

The generation which followed the life of Yeshua and his emissaries was the generation in which Shemikhazah and his associates were to be released. And this was the very generation in which false teachers began with bare and uplifted head to oppose the proclaiming of the truth, the very generation in which the apostasy began.

The long night of the apostasy is ending. The Book of Enoch is again coming to light that it may be a cause of joy and uprightness and much wisdom to those who observe the Torah in the last days. The culmination of all things is at hand.

Most translations of the Book of Enoch available today are taken from the ancient Ethiopic version of the text, which is the only language in which the book was passed down in its complete form.

However in more recent years seven fragmentary Aramaic copies of the Book of Enoch have been found among the Dead Sea Scrolls. In addition several fragments of the ancient Greek version of the Book of Enoch have also come to light.

This new edition of the Book of Enoch is the first Messianic, Sacred Name version of the Book of Enoch.

Unlike most versions of the Book of Enoch this edition is translated, wherever possible, from the remains of the ancient Aramaic version of the book. Wherever the Aramaic is lacking I have consulted the Greek fragments of Enoch and I have followed the Ethiopic wherever the Aramaic and Greek fragments are both lacking any witnesses to the text. Unlike many other versions of 1 Enoch I have always sought to reach behind the Aramaic, Greek and Ethiopic to the original Hebrew of 1 Enoch.

This edition ALSO INCLUDES a new and fresh version of 2 Enoch, also known as "The Secrets of Enoch" as well. Although 2 Enoch has only survived in Old Slavonic manuscripts, this new version reaches behind the Slavonic to the original Hebrew of 2 Enoch.

Why is this Book of Enoch different?

Because I have sought to restore the original text by reaching to the original Hebrew behind the Aramaic, Greek and Ethiopic texts while making as much use as possible of the Aramaic (which is a language very closely related to Hebrew).

For example in 1 Enoch 20:7:

  • Richard Laurence: "Gabriel, one of the holy angels, who presides over Ikisat, over paradise, and over the cherubim."
  • R. H. Charles: "Gabriel, one of the holy angels, who is over Paradise and the serpents and the Cherubim."
  • E. Isaac (Old Test. Pseud. vol. 1): "Gabriel, one of the holy angels who oversee the Garden of Eden, and the serpents, and the Cherubim."

Now none of Chapter 20 has survived in the Aramaic, but it has survived in Ethiopic and in Greek. Now the word I want to look at here is this word "serpents" which does not seem to belong. The word for "Serpents" in the Ethiopic is IKISAT which Laurance has transliterated. The Greek version has DRAKONTON which also means "serpents". Now these Greek and Ethipic words clearly point to an underlying Hebrew word of SEFARIM or SEPHARIM (Strong's 8314) which can mean "serpents" but can also mean "Seraphim" (a class of angelic beings as found in Isaiah 6).

Clearly the Greek translator misunderstood the Hebrew word SERAPHIM and translated it DRAKONTON (serpents) and the Ethiopic translator, therefore, probably worked from the Greek translating the word in Ethiopic as IKISAT (serpents).

This new version of 1st Enoch has:

"Gavri'el, one of the set-apart angels, who is over Pardes and the Seraphim and the Cherubim."

You will also note that in the Laurance, Charles and Isaac translations this is the last verse in Chapter 20, with the chapter only having listed six angels. In fact the Ethiopic text is lacking verse 8 and one of our Greek manuscripts also lacks verse 8, but one Greek fragment has survived which includes the 8th verse which lists the name of the seventh of the seven angels listed in this Chapter. This new edition on the Book of Enoch includes the previously lost 8th verse with the name and function of the seventh angel.

In addition the Book of Enoch gives a list of names of twenty leaders of the fallen angels (1 Enoch 6 & 69). But the list of these angels as given in most editions follows the couurpt list of names given in the Ethiopic.

For example the leader is called:

  • Laurance: Samyaza
  • Charles: Semjaza
  • Isaac: Semyaz

The correct name is preserved in the Aramaic fragments found among the Dead Sea Scrolls so that this new edition has this name as SHEMIKHAZAH (which means "my name has seen"). This is just one of the many corrupted angelic names in most other editions of the Books of Enoch.

There are also many improvements to 2 Enoch. For example the Morphil version most are familiar with has in 2 Enoch 12:1:

"And I looked and saw other flying elements of the sun, whose names are Phoenixes and Chalkydri..."

Now CHALKYDRI are "Serpents" and the PHOENIX was a Greek-Egyptian pagan mythical creature never found elsewher in the plural.

Now from context it appears that these are two names for the same class of beings. Since the word CHALKYDRI means "serpents" and since there are many parallels (beyond the scope of this post) between the SERAPHIM and the pagan concept of the PHOENIX, it appears that the SLAVONIC translator (or perhaps an earlier Greek translator) attempted to translate the Hebrew word SERAPHIM with two words, one meaning "Serpent" and the other offerring a Parallel in the Greek mind to the SERAPHIM.

Thus this new edition of 2 Enoch restores the reading to SERAPHIM and then has a detailed footnote explaining the reason for the revision and correction:

"And I looked and saw other flying elements of the sun, whose names are Seraphim..."

The above are just a sample of the improvements made in this new and better edition of both 1st and 2nd Enoch.

The Books of Enoch
It is now available at:
http://www.lulu.com/nazarene

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